CHII-03

Q:  What Canadian provinces produce the majority of hemp and why?

Hemp is grown primarily in the prairie provinces of Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba). The climate and soil conditions here make it ideal for hemp crops to thrive, as hemp requires nutrient rich soil with controlled water flow.

Q:  When, and how is hemp harvested?

Hemp is harvested in October. The hemp plants are cut just above the soil and cut hemp is left to dry on the ground. This is followed by retting (a process where moisture, micro-organisms or chemistry break down the bark tissue that binds the fiber and non fiber portions together making them east to separate) and then mechanical separation of the fiber from the seed using modern processes and machines.

Q:  How does the quality of Canadian hemp compare to hemp in other parts of the world?

The type of hemp crops that are grown in Canada are of a specific variety of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant and differs from what is grown in other parts of the world. Each hemp variety has its own set of characteristics; small or large seed, low or high oil content, different oil composition etc. Generally speaking the hemp seed from Canada is very high quality, nice large size seed with full body, generous oil content and wonderful flavor.

Q:  What is the difference between organic and non-organic hemp products? 

Our naturally produced hemp foods are processed in the same manner as the certified organic hemp food we offer. None of the hemp food we supply is sprayed with pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, insecticides or fertilizers. Our conventional hemp food should really be called “eco-farmed” because the main difference between the ways our organic crops are treated versus conventional crops is the use of pre-emergent herbicide/commercial fertilizer.

Q:  What else is hemp used for other than human consumption?

Hemp has many uses. Hemp fiber can be used for hemp textiles, paper, rope, jewelry, and various building materials such as fiberboard and insulation. Hemp oil has many industrial uses such as biofuels (bio-diesel and alcohol fuel), plastics or can be used to make various body care products.

Q:  What are the benefits of hemp protein powder over other vegetable sources such as brown rice protein and pea protein?

Hemp seed contains an excellent source of protein. With hemp seed having more than 25% of the total seed weight as protein, it is second only to Soy in protein content. Hemp seed also has all 20 known amino acids including the 9 essential amino acids making hemp seed a perfect protein providing all the amino acids that your body needs. Pea protein and rice protein do not have a complete amino acid profile like hemp. Hemp protein is also made up of approximately 65% Edestine and 35% Albumin as protein types. Edestine is considered the most digestible protein because of its closeness to the structure of protein found in human blood. Edestine is also the backbone of cell DNA. Albumin is most commonly known as the protein found in egg whites. Hemp protein is also free of the sugars found in Soy, oligosaccharides, that cause flatulence and stomach discomfort.

Q:  Some hemp plants are grown to produce marijuana.  What is the difference between those and the plants you grow?

Technically hemp and marijuana both come from the same plant – Cannabis Sativa L. The term ‘hemp’ commonly refers to the industrial/commercial use of the cannabis stalk and seed for textiles, foods, papers, body care products, detergents, plastics and building materials. Industrial hemp is made up of specific varieties of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant that contain less than 0.3% Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Marijuana contains about 5% – 10% or more THC and is of a completely different variety. The legality of cannabis varies widely from country to country. In many countries regulatory limits for concentrations of psychoactive drug compounds, particularly THC, in hemp require the use of strains of the plant which are bred for low content.

Q:   Why does whole hemp seed need to be sterilized?

Years ago viable whole hemp seed was used in many applications such as commercial feed, particularly birdseed. In the late 1930s an anti-hemp movement began in the US and the birdseed merchants successfully lobbied the US Congress to preserve the legality of hemp seeds so as to continue its significant use in bird feed. This all came to an end in the 1960s with the increase popularity of recreational use of marijuana leaves and flowers. Though essentially a different type of hemp seed, the government felt it easier to make sure nothing illegal passed under the radar by requiring all whole hemp seed to be sterilized. To this day, although we can supply whole hemp seed for human and bird consumption, it is required by law to be heat-treated in a commercial grade oven to prevent the seed from germinating.

Cold-pressed hemp seed oil is simply the oil pressed from raw whole hemp seeds. This oil is cleaned through a filter but not further refined and is to made primarily for food consumption. You can use it as a salad dressing, pour over your favourite foods, or incorporate into smooties etc as a way of incorporating valuable omegas into your diet. The oil that is rich in CBD(cannabidoil) and is typically searched for to be used in medicinal applications to treat symptoms of various ailments is also known as “Cannabis Oil”, “Marijuana Oil”, “Rick Simpson Oil” or “CBD Hemp Oil”. This oil is not made from cold-pressing whole hemp seeds, it is made from extracting oil from the stalks, leaves and flowers of hemp’s cannabis cousin the Marijuana plant. This oil is then refined into various forms and concentrations. Though a very beneficial product it is completely different from hemp seed oil used as food and is often confused with it.